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Windows Vista Security: Praxisorientierte Sicherheit für Profis by Marcus Nasarek

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Chapter 4: Installing, Configuring, and Maintaining Software
However, not all programs have distribution media discs. If you download a pro-
gram from the Internet, it’ll probably be in a ZIP or self-extracting executable file,
and you can install the program by following these steps:
1. Start Windows Explorer.
2. Extract the program’s setup files using one of the following techniques:
If the program is distributed in a .zip file, right-click the file and select
Extract All. This displays the Extract Compressed (Zipped) Folders dialog
box. Click Browse, select a destination folder, and then click OK. Click
Extract.
If the program is distributed in a self-extracting executable file, double-click
the .exe file to extract the setup files. You’ll see one of several types of
prompts. If you’re prompted to run the file, click Run. If you’re prompted to
extract the program files or select a destination folder, click Browse, select a
destination folder, and then click OK. Click Extract or OK as appropriate.
3. In Windows Explorer, browse the setup folders and find the program’s Setup.exe
file. Double-click Setup.exe to start the installation process.
4. When Setup starts, follow the prompts to install the software. If the installation
fails and the software used an installer, follow the prompts to allow the installer
to restore your computer to its original state. Otherwise, exit Setup and then try
rerunning Setup to either complete the installation or uninstall the program.
Configuring Software Availability
Most software programs written for Windows 2000 or later are made available auto-
matically to all users on a computer. This occurs because the software writes to areas
of the registry and filesystem available to all users, and because the software makes
its program shortcuts available to all users. During installation, some software pro-
grams prompt you to choose whether you want to install the software for all users or
only for the currently logged-on user. Other programs—typically older programs
written for Windows 98 or earlier—install themselves only for the current user.
For software that requires per-user configurations, you can make the software avail-
able to multiple users by completing the following steps:
1. Log on to the computer using an account that should have access to the program.
2. Install the software using its Setup program.
3. Repeat this process for each user.
For software that doesn’t require per-user configuration, you can make the software
available to all users on your computer by completing the following steps:
1. Log on as the user who installed the program.
2. Right-click the Start button and select Explore. This starts Windows Explorer
with the currently logged-on user’s Start Menu folder selected.

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