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XML Topic Maps: Creating and Using Topic Maps for the Web by Jack Park, Sam Hunting

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Data, Knowledge, and Information

The terms data, knowledge, and information are usually used in ill-defined ways, which is acceptable in colloquial conversations where only a rough, intuitive notion of their distinctive meanings are needed. There is a danger, however, that such usage may result in an obliteration of critical technical distinctions so that these terms in effect become synonyms, possibly with one term standing for all three in a watered-down fashion devoid of content.

In this chapter we do not try to give precise formal definitions to these three terms; instead, we try to informally delineate their meanings. By doing so, we hope to show that what we have called the information continuum above is actually better termed the interpretation ...

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