Chapter 8. Validation and Using DTDs

In the previous two chapters, you learned how to create DTDs. In this chapter, you’ll learn how to use them.

Specifically, a DTD defines rules for every element and attribute that can appear in an XML document. However, you must declare the DTD in your XML document in order to use it. Once this declaration is made, you can use various tools to validate the XML document against the DTD. This is the reason for creating a DTD in the first place, to insure that a given XML document is constructed in a specific way as defined by the DTD.

DTDs can be written and saved as separate files, or they can be written entirely inside an XML document. A benefit of writing internal DTDs is that there is only one file to manage ...

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