Whatever the facilitator does at the beginning of a presentation sets the tone for the rest of the training. Thus there is a need for some sort of activity that will get your participants warmed up—an icebreaker.

Icebreakers present program materials in a more interesting way than introductory lectures by instantly involving the entire group; participants become acquainted by sharing personal attitudes, values, and concerns. Nonthreatening activities relax participants and reduce anxiety, encouraging spontaneity even among timid and shy trainees.

Icebreakers establish the pace and tone of the program and help build enthusiasm. They motivate the group quickly with activities that involve physical and emotional energy. In addition, ...

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