The People’s Liberation Army is not very different, in doctrinal terms, from any professional army. The concept of future operations is extremely important to the PLA. The need to integrate future operations is a prerequisite for any military operations planning and strategy.
This need for military operational foresight was not lost on General Dai, as he wrote of his Information Warfare strategies. He stated that they “must be integrated.”cdlxxxviii An example of integrated future operations includes the integration of both “military and civilian information fighting forces.”cdlxxxix An example of this IW operational concept is seen in the recruitment of civilian hackers by the PLA.