59
6
Understanding CPTED and
Situational Crime Prevention*
Severin L. Sorensen, John G.Hayes,
and Randall I. Atlas
*
Portions of the text in this chapter consist of articles and other publications previously written by the author including
possible portions found in the following Wiley publications: Architectural Graphics Standards, 10th Edition, Ramsey/
Hoke, The American Institute of Architects, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN: 0471348163, Copyright 2000; Security Planning
and Design: A Guide for Architects and Building Design Professionals, Demkin, The American Institute of Architects,
John Wiley & Sons, ISBN: 0471271567, Copyright 2004. We offer special thanks to the American Institute of Architects
and John Wiley & Sons for permission to reproduce common content in this work.
CONTENTS
In the Beginning ...............................................................................................................................60
Contemporary Criminological Thinking on Crime, Criminals, and Potential Targets ....................60
Target Selection ...........................................................................................................................62
Potential Offenders’ Perspective ................................................................................................. 63
Concept of Capable Guardian ..................................................................................................... 63
Criminal Choice ..........................................................................................................................64
CPTED as Defensible Space ....................................................................................................... 64
Basic Crime Prevention Assumptions ..............................................................................................68
Natural Access Control ...............................................................................................................70
Mechanical Access Control .........................................................................................................70
Organized Access Control ........................................................................................................... 71
Natural Surveillance ....................................................................................................................71
Natural Territorial Reinforcement/Boundary Denition .............................................................72
Expansion of Basic CPTED ............................................................................................................. 74
Management and Maintenance ................................................................................................... 74
Legitimate Activity Support ........................................................................................................ 77
Displacement ....................................................................................................................................79
Avoiding Conicting User Groups and Incompatible Land Uses ....................................................79
Beyond the 3-D Concept ..................................................................................................................80
3-Ds Plus .....................................................................................................................................80
CPTED’s Inuence on Situational Crime Prevention ......................................................................82
Applications of Situational CPTED .................................................................................................85
Fort Lauderdale, Florida ..............................................................................................................86
Cincinnati, Ohio ..........................................................................................................................86
Advances in Situational Crime Prevention Offer Additional CPTED Opportunities
forCrime Reduction ....................................................................................................................88
Other CPTED Resources.............................................................................................................88
Summary .......................................................................................................................................... 88
Acknowledgment ............................................................................................................................89
References ........................................................................................................................................89

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