Final Thoughts

Don Macdonald

Unpredictable Times

We live in uncertain and unpredictable times. As Chris Birch states “Future historians will probably judge we are living through a revolution. Propelled by global forces and the push/pull of information and communications technology, our established political, economic and social models are struggling to cope.” Social and technological change seems to be speeding up, while “the impact of the speed of change is perhaps what differentiates current challenges to those of the past.”

The future is hard to predict; very few economists predicted the 2008 crash while many other experts consistently resisted acknowledging the rise of IT and the Internet: one scientist told the author in the mid-1980s that ...

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