The Internet has been a great success over the past 20 years, growing from a small academic network into a global, ubiquitous network used regularly by over 1.4 billion people. It was the power of the Internet paradigm, tying heterogeneous networks together, and the innovative World Wide Web (WWW) model of uniform resource locators (URLs), the hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP) and universal content markup with the hypertext markup language (HTML) that made this possible. Grass-roots innovation has however been the most powerful driver behind the Internet success story. The Internet is open to innovationlike no other telecommunication system before it. This has allowed all groups involved, from Internet architects to communication engineers, IT staff and everyday users to innovate, quickly adding new protocols, services and uses for Internet technology.
As the Internet of routers, servers and personal computers has been maturing, another Internet revolution has been going on - The Internet of Things. The vision behind the Internet of Things is that embedded devices, also called smart objects, are universally becoming IP enabled, and an integral part of the Internet. Examples of embedded devices and systems using IP today range from mobile phones, personal health devices and home automation, to industrial automation, smart metering and environmental monitoring systems. The scale of the Internet of Things is already estimated to be immense, with the potential of trillions ...