25  Community empowerment

Opportunities and challenges for Bolivia’s water sector

Paola Ramallo and Elena Ostrovskaya


Large parts of the world population live in areas where the freshwater supply is not secure. A recent study found that as much as 80 percent of the world’s population is exposed to high levels of threat to water security (Vörösmarty et al., 2010). According to a UNICEF/WHO report (2012: 2) almost 780 million people lack access to safe drinking water and 2.5 billion – 40 percent of the world’s population – have no access to improved sanitation. Adding to this grim picture is the threat of climate change and a growing population. Degradation of water bodies and changes in rainfall patterns, which affect the hydrological ...

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