Chapter 8

Statistical Analysis

Quantitative research, by its very nature, is closely associated with numbers and coming to conclusions based on those numbers. When researchers use a quantitative method they take numerical data and interpret them through statistical reasoning. Statistical reasoning can be approached in two ways, depending on the nature of the research and its uses. The first way is to use the numerical data to simply describe variables in the study. This is called descriptive statistical reasoning. Often surveys will report what was found through the research in terms that simply describe how many respondents answered statements or as levels of a particular variable, such as sex (48 females or 48% of the sample as compared to ...

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