CHAPTER 1

Elements of Health Care

In this section, we summarize typical organizational structures found in the health care industry, functions of various departments, and market- versus government-based financing.

Human Resources

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), human capital decisions include an appropriate quality, mix, and distribution of health services. To find the right balance, careful choices made by countries in light of their unique needs, and monitoring, are important. At the organizational level, human resources planning is a crucial function that is often neglected.1 To forecast supply and demand of human resources in hospitals, one must understand typical organizational structures in the industry.

Typical Organizational ...

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