Peer review in a rapidly evolving publishing landscape
Pre-publication peer review has long been recognised as a cornerstone of scholarly publishing. Despite various criticisms and a number of shortcomings, this scrutiny and critical assessment by experts is still considered essential by many. This chapter describes the realistic expectations of peer review and what constitutes good practice, emphasising the important role of the editor. It also outlines the many ways traditional peer review is being adapted, the new models that are appearing, and the increasing emphasis on openness and transparency. Various problems are addressed, including difficulties in finding reviewers, the imbalance between publication output ...