Social contract theories like Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau were not in the first instance trying to give empirical accounts of how the state arose. They were attempting rather to understand a government’s basis of legitimacy.
In healthy capital democracies, there are usually two basic political tendencies. Each group recognizes the need for a public sector and a private sector, and political debate concerns where to draw the line between them.
Government is a system of political administration of a state or some other legal or geographical jurisdiction. Public policy is the administrative guidelines to run a state, including a constitution, rules and regulations, ...