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Acoustics: Sound Fields, Transducers and Vibration, 2nd Edition by Tim Mellow, Leo Beranek

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4.4. Acoustic resistances

Any device in which the flow of gas occurs in phase with and directly proportional to the applied pressure may be represented as a pure acoustic resistance. In other words, there is no stored (reactive) energy associated with the flow. Four principal forms of acoustic resistance are commonly employed in acoustic devices: fine-meshed screens made of metal or cloth, small-bore tubes, narrow slits, and porous acoustical materials.
Screens are often used in acoustic transducers because of their low cost, ease of selection and control in manufacture, satisfactory stability, and relative freedom from inductive reactance. Slits are often used where an adjustable resistance is desired. This is accomplished by changing the ...

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