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Active Directory, 3rd Edition by Alistair G. Lowe-Norris, Robbie Allen, Joe Richards

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Chapter 19. Interoperability, Integration, and Future Direction

Microsoft’s Directory Services strategy has come a long way in the past few years. Even before Active Directory, several Microsoft products utilized a directory, although most used one that was built into the individual product. Some examples include the NetMeeting ILS server and Exchange 5.5, which was the precursor to Active Directory. With the introduction of Active Directory in 1999, Microsoft finally had the first signs of a coherent Directory Services strategy. With the release of Windows Server 2003, plus a major overhaul of Microsoft Metadirectory Server, now called Microsoft Identity Integration Server (MIIS), and the introduction of Active Directory Application Mode, Microsoft has one of the most diverse and robust directory offerings of any of the major directory vendors in the market today. In this chapter, we will discuss Microsoft’s future plans for Directory Services and cover how that plan fits in with interoperating with other directories and integrating with applications and services.

Microsoft’s Directory Strategy

After the initial release of Active Directory, Microsoft thought, like many in the industry, that the direction most companies were headed was deployment of a single enterprise directory that would be all things to all clients. Microsoft’s intent was for Active Directory to serve the NOS directory role, replacing NT 4.0, and also the application directory role, which had typically been ...

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