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Advanced Chipless RFID

Book Description

Introduces advanced high-capacity data encoding and throughput improvement techniques for fully printable multi-bit Chipless RFID tags and reader systems

The book proposes new approaches to chipless RFID tag encoding and tag detection that supersede their predecessors in signal processing, tag design, and reader architectures. The text is divided into two main sections: the first section introduces the fundamentals of electromagnetic (EM) imaging at mm-wave band to enhance the content capacity of Chipless RFID systems. The EM Imaging through Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) technique is used for data extraction. The second section presents a few smart tag detection techniques for existing chipless RFID systems. A Multiple-Input and Multiple-Output (MIMO) based tag detection technique improves the spectral efficiency and increases data bit capacity. The book concludes with a discussion of how the MIMO approach can be combined with the image based technique to introduce a complete solution with a fast imaging approach to chipless RFID systems. The book has the following salient features:

  • Discusses new approaches to chipless RFID tags such as EM imaging, high capacity data encoding, and robust tag detection techniques
  • Presents techniques to enhance data content capacity of tags and reliable tag detection for the readers at unlicensed microwave and mm-wave 2.45, 24 and 60 GHz instrumentation, scientific and medical (ISM) frequency bands
  • Includes case studies of real-world applications

Table of Contents

  1. COVER
  2. TITLE PAGE
    1. COPYRIGHT
    2. DEDICATION
  3. PREFACE
    1. REFERENCES
  4. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
  5. PART I: EM IMAGE-BASED CHIPLESS RFID SYSTEM
    1. CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
      1. 1.1 BARCODES AS IDENTIFICATION TECHNOLOGY
      2. 1.2 RFID SYSTEMS
      3. 1.3 BARCODES VERSUS RFID
      4. 1.4 CHIPLESS RFID TAG FOR LOW-COST ITEM TAGGING
      5. 1.5 CHIPLESS RFID SYSTEMS
      6. 1.6 SPATIAL-BASED CHIPLESS RFID SYSTEM
      7. 1.7 BOOK OUTLINE
      8. REFERENCES
    2. CHAPTER 2: EM IMAGING
      1. 2.1 EM-IMAGING FUNDAMENTALS
      2. 2.2 RANGE RESOLUTION
      3. 2.3 CROSS-RANGE OR AZIMUTH RESOLUTION
      4. 2.4 SYNTHETIC APERTURE RADAR (SAR) NECESSITY
      5. 2.5 EM IMAGING FOR CONTENT CODING
      6. 2.6 CONCLUSIONS
      7. REFERENCES
    3. CHAPTER 3: TINY POLARIZERS, SECRET OF THE NEW TECHNIQUE
      1. 3.1 INTRODUCTION
      2. 3.2 SWEETNESS OF DIFFRACTION
      3. 3.3 STRIP-LINE POLARIZER
      4. 3.4 MEANDER-LINE POLARIZER
      5. 3.5 MULTIPLE POLARIZERS
      6. 3.6 POLARIZER FABRICATION
      7. 3.7 CONCLUSIONS
      8. REFERENCES
    4. CHAPTER 4: ATTRIBUTES OF EM POLARIZERS
      1. 4.1 INTRODUCTION
      2. 4.2 SUGGESTED STRUCTURES AS EFFECTIVE EM POLARIZERS
      3. 4.3 CROSS-POLAR WORKING BASIS
      4. 4.4 EFFECT OF HIGHLY REFLECTIVE ITEMS
      5. 4.5 SECURE IDENTIFICATION
      6. 4.6 BENDING EFFECT ON TAG PERFORMANCE
      7. 4.7 CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    5. CHAPTER 5: SYSTEM TECHNICAL ASPECTS
      1. 5.1 INTRODUCTION
      2. 5.2 THE MM-BAND OF 60 GHZ
      3. 5.3 READER ANTENNA
      4. 5.4 CONCLUSIONS
      5. REFERENCES
    6. CHAPTER 6: SAR-BASED SIGNAL PROCESSING
      1. 6.1 INTRODUCTION
      2. 6.2 SAR MODES OF OPERATION
      3. 6.3 SAR BLOCK DIAGRAM
      4. 6.4 SAR-BASED SIGNAL PROCESSING
      5. 6.5 TAG IMAGING RESULTS
      6. 6.6 SYSTEM DOWNSIDES
      7. 6.7 CONCLUSIONS
      8. REFERENCES
    7. CHAPTER 7: FAST IMAGING THROUGH MIMO-SAR
      1. 7.1 INTRODUCTION
      2. 7.2 CONVENTIONAL PHASED ARRAY ANTENNA
      3. 7.3 MIMO-SAR SYSTEMS
      4. 7.4 OPTIMIZATION
      5. 7.5 MIMO-SAR RESULTS
      6. 7.6 CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
  6. PART II: ADVANCED TAG DETECTION TECHNIQUES FOR CHIPLESS RFID SYSTEMS
    1. CHAPTER 8: INTRODUCTION
      1. 8.1 RFID SYSTEMS
      2. 8.2 REVIEW OF CHIPLESS RFID TAG DETECTION TECHNIQUES
      3. 8.3 MAXIMUM LIKELIHOOD DETECTION TECHNIQUES
      4. 8.4 CONCLUSIONS
      5. REFERENCES
    2. CHAPTER 9: CHIPLESS RFID TAG DESIGN
      1. 9.1 INTRODUCTION
      2. 9.2 SISO TAG DESIGN
      3. 9.3 MIMO TAG DESIGN
      4. 9.4 CONCLUSIONS
      5. REFERENCES
    3. CHAPTER 10: ML DETECTION TECHNIQUES FOR SISO CHIPLESS RFID TAGS
      1. 10.1 INTRODUCTION
      2. 10.2 SYSTEM MODELS–TIME DOMAIN
      3. 10.3 SYSTEM MODELS–FREQUENCY DOMAIN
      4. 10.4 SIMULATIONS
      5. 10.5 EXPERIMENTAL SETUP
      6. 10.6 RESULTS
      7. 10.7 CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    4. CHAPTER 11: COMPUTATIONALLY FEASIBLE TAG DETECTION TECHNIQUES
      1. 11.1 INTRODUCTION
      2. 11.2 BIT-BY-BIT DETECTION METHOD
      3. 11.3 TRELLIS-TREE-BASED VITERBI DECODING
      4. 11.4 SIMULATION SETUP
      5. 11.5 RESULTS
      6. 11.6 CONCLUSIONS
      7. REFERENCES
    5. CHAPTER 12: SIGNAL PROCESSING FOR MIMO-BASED CHIPLESS RFID SYSTEMS
      1. 12.1 INTRODUCTION
      2. 12.2 MIMO DECOMPOSING TECHNIQUES
      3. 12.3 TAG DETECTION IN MIMO
      4. 12.4 EXPERIMENTAL SETUP
      5. 12.5 SIMULATIONS
      6. 12.6 RESULTS
      7. 12.7 CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCE
    6. CHAPTER 13: CONCLUSION FOR PART II
      1. 13.1 SUMMARY OF THE PROPOSED TECHNIQUES IN PART II
      2. 13.2 LIMITATIONS OF THE PROPOSED SYSTEM
      3. 13.3 POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS
      4. 13.4 FUTURE WORK AND OPEN ISSUES
      5. REFERENCE
    7. INDEX
  7. END USER LICENSE AGREEMENT