3D Transformations

OpenGL has a simple and powerful transformation model. Vertices can be created with position, normal direction, and sets of texture coordinates. These values are manipulated by a series of affine transformations (a linear combinations of translation, rotation, scaling, and shearing) that are set by the application. The fundamental transformation representation in OpenGL is the 4 × 4 matrix. Application-controlled transforms, along with the perspective division functionality available in both positional and texture coordinate pipelines, offer substantial control to the application program. This chapter describes the OpenGL transformation pipeline, providing insights needed to use it effectively, and discusses the ...

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