Membranes for lithium batteries
R. Bongiovanni and J. Ravi Nair, Politecnico di Torino, Italy;
C. Gerbaldi, Italian Institute of Technology and Politecnico di Torino, Italy
A.M. Stephan, Central Electrochemical Research Institute, India
By virtue of their high energy efficiency, lithium batteries can provide an energy return factor higher than conventional batteries and are expected to become the power source of choice for sustainable transport. High performing innovative materials are crucial for large-scale diffusion of Li-based cells. The electrodes need to have greater capacity and durability, while the electrolyte, currently in the liquid state, should be a solid membrane capable of high ionic conductivity ...