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Advanced Organic Chemistry by Maya Shankar Singh

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6

Free Radical Reactions

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of this chapter you should be familiar with

  • Evidence for the existence of radicals, their detection and characterization.
  • Structure and bonding of radicals. Radical reactions follow different rules to those of ionic reactions.
  • Generation, stability and reactions of free-radicals. Radicals favour conjugate addition.
  • Stereochemistry of radical substitution reactions.
  • Cyclization is easy with radical reactions.
6.1 INTRODUCTION

A carbon-centered radical is a structure having an unpaired electron on a carbon atom and a formal charge of zero. Thus, a free radical is an atom or a group of atoms with an unpaired electron. (This definition includes certain stable, inorganic molecules and atoms ...

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