Threats are the who or what that can cause you harm if they are provided with vulnerabilities to exploit. Threats can be described as malicious or malignant. Natural occurrences, such as a natural disaster or a human accident, are called malignant threats, and threats involving a party intentionally causing harm are called malicious threats. Although people focus on malicious threats, malignant threats cause the most aggregate damage.
The bulk of this chapter addresses the different types to threats that organizations need to address with their risk management programs.