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Advances in 3D Textiles

Book Description

Advances in 3D Textiles presents the most recent advances in the production of three-dimensional fibrous structures and how their use has resulted in the creation of novel fabrics and applications. The text covers a wide range of fabric types, including their structures, properties, and uses in the textiles industry.

Beginning with the various types of woven three-dimensional fabrics, the text then examines 3-D knitted, braided, and non-woven textiles, and the main applications and uses of three-dimensional textiles.



  • Presents the most recent advances in the production of three-dimensional fibrous structures and how their use has resulted in the creation of novel fabrics and applications
  • Examines many types of 3-D textiles, including knitted, braided, and non-woven textiles, and the main uses of three-dimensional textiles
  • Covers their structures, properties, and uses within the textiles industry

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. List of Contributors
  6. Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles
  7. 1: Introduction
    1. Abstract
    2. 1.1 Introduction
    3. 1.2 Range of 3D textiles
    4. 1.3 Uses of 3D textiles
    5. 1.4 Conclusion
  8. Part One: 3D Woven Textiles
    1. 2: Solid three-dimensional woven textiles
      1. Abstract
      2. Acknowledgment
      3. 2.1 Introduction
      4. 2.2 Terminology and fabric categorization
      5. 2.3 3D multilayer interlock weaves
      6. 2.4 3D noncrimp orthogonal weaves
      7. 2.5 3D dual interlaced weaves
      8. 2.6 Machine automation and computer-aided fabric design
      9. 2.7 Mechanical properties of 3D woven composites
      10. 2.8 Manufacturing and applications
      11. 2.9 Outlook of future needs
    2. 3: Hollow three-dimensional woven fabrics
      1. Abstract
      2. 3.1 Introduction: Overview and potential applications
      3. 3.2 Principles of hollow woven fabrics
      4. 3.3 Properties and performance of structures based on hollow woven fabrics
      5. 3.4 Structural and mechanical modelling of hollow woven fabrics
      6. 3.5 Possible applications of hollow fabrics and future trends
      7. 3.6 Sources of further information and advice
    3. 4: Shell three-dimensional woven textiles
      1. Abstract
      2. 4.1 Introduction
      3. 4.2 Reasons for the development of weaving processes for three-dimensional shells
      4. 4.3 History and classification of shell three-dimensional woven textiles
      5. 4.4 Flat woven and unfolded double-layer fabrics
      6. 4.5 Shell creation by alternating thread spacings
      7. 4.6 Weave design and patterns of 3D woven shells
      8. 4.7 CAD and simulation of three-dimensional woven shells
      9. 4.8 Conclusion
    4. 5: Nodal three-dimensional woven textiles
      1. Abstract
      2. 5.1 Introduction
      3. 5.2 Nodal 3D structures
      4. 5.3 Nodal 3D design and production parameters
      5. 5.4 Applications
      6. 5.5 Future trends
      7. 5.6 Conclusion
  9. Part Two: 3D Knitted, Braided and Nonwoven Textiles
    1. 6: Three-dimensional knitted textiles
      1. Abstract
      2. 6.1 Introduction
      3. 6.2 3D knitting technologies
      4. 6.3 3D knitted structures
      5. 6.4 Properties and applications
      6. 6.5 Future trends
    2. 7: Recent advances in 3D braiding technology
      1. Abstract
      2. 7.1 Introduction and objectives
      3. 7.2 State-of-the-art
      4. 7.3 Ideal tubular, bifurcated structure
      5. 7.4 Novel track-and-column braiding processes
      6. 7.5 Conclusion
    3. 8: Developments in 3D nonwovens
      1. Abstract
      2. 8.1 Introduction
      3. 8.2 High-bulk flat nonwovens
      4. 8.3 Shaped 3D nonwovens
      5. 8.4 Future development
  10. Part Three: 3D Textiles for Industrial Applications
    1. 9: 3D woven preforms for E-textiles and composites reinforcements
      1. Abstract
      2. Acknowledgments
      3. 9.1 Introduction
      4. 9.2 E-textiles
      5. 9.3 3D fabrics and preforms for composite reinforcements
      6. 9.4 Applications of E-textiles and 3D woven composites
      7. 9.5 3D weaves
      8. 9.6 Manufacturing technologies
      9. 9.7 Future trends and applications
    2. 10: Three-dimensional textiles in the automotive industry
      1. Abstract
      2. Acknowledgements
      3. 10.1 Introduction
      4. 10.2 Textile composite solutions used in the automotive industry
      5. 10.3 Manufacturing techniques for forming 3D fabrics
      6. 10.4 Forming simulation of 3D fabrics
      7. 10.5 Applications (oil pan for automotive use)
      8. 10.6 Discussion
      9. 10.7 Future trends
    3. 11: Three-dimensional textiles in the aerospace industry
      1. Abstract
      2. 11.1 Historical overview of aerospace fabric
      3. 11.2 The introduction of composite textiles
      4. 11.3 The introduction of carbon fiber
      5. 11.4 Manufacturing
      6. 11.5 Quality
      7. 11.6 Applications
      8. 11.7 Design considerations
      9. 11.8 Conclusion
    4. 12: Three-dimensional fabrics as medical textiles
      1. Abstract
      2. Acknowledgements
      3. 12.1 Introduction
      4. 12.2 Medical textiles
      5. 12.3 Textile techniques, manufacturing technologies and materials contributing to 3D medical textiles
      6. 12.4 Main applications of 3D textile in medicine
      7. 12.5 Future trends
      8. 12.6 Conclusion
      9. 12.7 Further sources
    5. 13: Three-dimensional textiles for protective clothing
      1. Abstract
      2. 13.1 Introduction
      3. 13.2 Types of 3D weaves and manufacture techniques
      4. 13.3 3D textiles used for protective clothing
      5. 13.4 Conclusions and future trends
    6. 14: Three-dimensional textiles for sports and recreational clothing
      1. Abstract
      2. 14.1 Introduction
      3. 14.2 Production and processing of 3D textiles
      4. 14.3 Features and requirements for sports and recreational clothing
      5. 14.4 Applications in sports and leisure clothing
  11. Index