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Environmental life-cycle assessment of polymer nanocomposites

V. Khanna,     University of Pittsburgh, USA. E-mail address: khannav@pitt.edu

L. Merugula and B.R. Bakshi,     The Ohio State University, USA. E-mail address: bakshi.2@osu.edu

Abstract:

This chapter discusses the needs, challenges, and benefits of life-cycle assessment (LCA) in the environmental evaluation of polymer nanocomposites (PNCs). The chapter provides a detailed description of the LCA approach and describes the unique challenges surrounding the LCA of nanotechnology, specifically PNCs. The benefits of LCA and an overview of the major studies on the LCA of nanotechnology are also presented. Case studies on the LCA of carbon nanofiber (CNF)-reinforced polymer nanocomposites ...

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