D.J. Martin, A.F. Osman, Y. Andriani and G.A. Edwards, University of Queensland, Australia
Thermoplastic polyurethanes (TPU) are a commercially important class of thermoplastic elastomers, which have an inherent nanostructured morphology. This chapter introduces thermoplastic polyurethanes before summarizing the benefits of introducing various types of nanofillers using various processing methods and highlighting the engendered properties and performance. A detailed discussion of the influence of nanofillers on TPU morphology is provided, as well as a section on biomedical applications and nanofiller toxicity.