Chapter 5. Security and Requirements

All systems start with requirements. And so does security.

In this chapter we’ll look at community-built tools such as the OWASP Application Security Verification Standard (ASVS), which lists standard security mechanisms and controls for designing and reviewing applications; and the SAFECode group’s list of security stories, which you can use to help make sure that security is taken into account when the team is thinking about requirements or filling requirements in.

We’ll also look at some simple techniques for defining security requirements in an Agile way, and at how and where the security team needs to be engaged in building and managing requirements.

Dealing with Security in Requirements

Traditional Waterfall or V-model software development assumes that all the requirements for a system can be captured, analyzed, and exhaustively defined up front, then handed off to the development team to design, build, and test. Any changes would be handled as exceptions.

Agile software development assumes that requirements or needs can only be understood in person, because many functional requirements are like art: “I’ll know it when I see it.”

Specifically, Agile software practitioners believe that requirements are difficult for users or customers to accurately specify, because language is a lossy communication mechanism, and because often what the users say they want is not what they actually want.

Agile requirements are therefore done iteratively ...

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