9.1 DEVICE TYPE
Filament or mesh pad type absorbers have proven themselves very effective in
the absorption of water-soluble gases. When constructed in a sufciently dense
medium panel, they can be used for the collection of airborne bacteria and spores.
These devices typically use woven or layered lamentaceous mesh layers onto
which a spray of liquid is administered. The contaminant gases, particulate, or
both pass through these layers of mesh wherein the contaminant and liquid are
brought into intimate contact, thereby promoting gas absorption. Various vendors
have developed proprietary designs of this generic type with hundreds of success-
9.2 TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
Filament and mesh pad type scrubbers are often used to collect inorganic acid vapor
emissions from process reactors or storage tank vents. They are also used after par-
ticulate removal devices to enhance the absorption of gases. Laboratory hoods and
point of use scrubbers often use wetted lament or mesh pad scrubbers.
They are often used on large gas cleaning systems, for example, for acid concen-
tration and capture. Figure9.1 shows a multistage wet scrubber on a superphosphate
fertilizer plant for the recovery of uosilicic acid. This system consists of a Venturi
scrubber for particulate control, a multistage wetted Kimre pad unit for stepwise acid
gas concentration, and a preformed spray scrubber for polishing the emission using
pond water. The water ows upstream from the preformed spray scrubber to the la-
ment type absorber. The uosilicic acid is concentrated in three sprayed stages in the
lament type scrubber, which is housed in the rectangular box on the left (ahead of
the fan). The mesh pad type scrubber is shown in the foreground of Figure9.2.
Another common application is in the control of gases and mist from chemical
reaction vessels. These vessels may incorporate an acid (or base) feed system that
injects the chemical(s) into a vented, agitated tank. Given the agitation and chemi-
cal reaction, some absorbable gases may be evolved along with droplets. Often, the
mesh pad type device drains back into the reaction vessel, thus serving to capture
and recycle the mist and chemicals.
Filament or mesh pad type scrubbers are generally not used where insoluble par-
ticulate is present or where a precipitate can form during chemisorption.