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An Applied Guide to Process and Plant Design

Book Description

An Applied Guide to Process and Plant Design is a guide to process plant design for both students and professional engineers.

The book covers plant layout and the use of spreadsheet programmes and key drawings produced by professional engineers as aids to design; subjects which are usually learned on the job rather than in education. You will learn how to produce smarter plant design through the use of computer tools, including Excel and AutoCAD, "What If Analysis", statistical tools, and Visual Basic for more complex problems. The book also includes a wealth of selection tables, covering the key aspects of professional plant design which engineering students and early-career engineers tend to find most challenging.

Professor Moran draws on over 20 years' experience in process design to create an essential foundational book ideal for those who are new to process design, compliant with both professional practice and the IChemE degree accreditation guidelines.

  • Explains how to deliver a process design that meets both business and safety criteria
  • Covers plant layout and the use of spreadsheet programmes and key drawings as aids to design
  • Includes a comprehensive set of selection tables, covering those aspects of professional plant design which early-career designers find most challenging 

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Dedication
  6. Preface
  7. Acknowledgments
  8. Part 1: Practical Principles
    1. Introduction
    2. Chapter 1. Process Plant Design
      1. Introduction
      2. What is engineering?
      3. What is design?
      4. Engineering design
      5. Project life cycle
      6. Process plant design
      7. Process plant versus process design
      8. Academic versus professional practice
      9. State of the art and best engineering practice
      10. The use and abuse of computers
      11. Further reading
    3. Chapter 2. Stages of Process Plant Design
      1. General
      2. Conceptual design
      3. “Conceptual design of chemical processes”
      4. Front end engineering design (FEED)/basic design
      5. Detailed design
      6. Site redesign
      7. Posthandover redesign
      8. Unstaged design
      9. Product engineering
      10. Fast-tracking
      11. Further reading
    4. Chapter 3. Process Plant Design Deliverables
      1. Overview
      2. Design basis and philosophies
      3. Specification
      4. Process flow diagram (PFD)
      5. Piping and instrumentation diagram
      6. Functional design specification (FDS)
      7. Plot plan/general arrangement/layout drawing
      8. Program
      9. Cost estimate
      10. Equipment list/schedule
      11. Datasheets
      12. Safety documentation
      13. Design calculations
      14. Isometric piping drawings
      15. Simulator output
      16. Further reading
    5. Chapter 4. Twenty-First Century Process Plant Design Tools
      1. General
      2. Use of computers by chemical engineers
      3. Implications of modern design tools
      4. Categories of design
      5. Tools—hardware
      6. Tools—software
      7. Further reading
    6. Chapter 5. The Future of Process Plant Design
      1. Process porn
      2. Will first principles design replace heuristic design in future?
      3. Will process design become a form of applied mathematics in future?
      4. Will primary research become the basis of engineering design in future?
      5. Will “chemical process design” replace process plant design in future?
      6. Will network analysis form the core of design practice in future?
      7. Will process simulation replace the design process in future?
      8. Will process plant design never change?
      9. Further reading
  9. Part 2: Professional Practice
    1. Chapter 6. System Level Design
      1. Introduction
      2. How to put unit operations together
      3. Matching design rigor with stage of design
      4. Implications for cost
      5. Implications for safety
      6. Implications for robustness
      7. Rule of thumb design
      8. First principles design
      9. Design by simulation program
      10. Sources of design data
      11. Further reading
    2. Chapter 7. Professional Design Methodology
      1. Introduction
      2. Design methodologies
      3. The “is” and “ought” of process design
      4. Right versus wrong design
      5. Interesting versus boring design
      6. Continuous versus batch design
      7. Simple/robust versus complicated/fragile design
      8. Setting the design envelope
      9. Implications of new design tools
      10. Importance of understanding your design
      11. Manager/engineer tensions in design
      12. Whole-system design methodology
      13. Design stages in a nutshell
      14. Variations on a theme
      15. Further reading
    3. Chapter 8. How to Do a Mass and Energy Balance
      1. Introduction
      2. Handling recycles
      3. How to set it out in Excel
      4. Using Excel for iterative calculations: “Goal Seek” and “Solver”
    4. Chapter 9. How to Do Hydraulic Calculations
      1. Introduction
      2. Matching design rigor with stage of design
      3. Hydraulic networks
      4. Pump curves
      5. Further reading
  10. Part 3: Low Level Design
    1. Part 3. Low Level Design
    2. Chapter 10. How to Design and Select Plant Components and Materials
      1. Introduction
      2. What process engineers design
      3. Matching design rigor with stage of design
      4. Materials of construction
      5. Mechanical equipment
      6. Electrical and control equipment
      7. Further reading
    3. Chapter 11. How to Design Unit Operations
      1. Introduction
      2. Matching design rigor with stage of design
      3. Rule of thumb design
      4. Approaches to design of unit operations
      5. Sources of design data
      6. Scale-up and scale-out
      7. Neglected unit operations: separation processes
      8. Further reading
    4. Chapter 12. How to Cost a Design
      1. Introduction
      2. Matching design rigor with stage of design
      3. The basics
      4. Academic costing practice
      5. Professional costing practice
      6. Further reading
  11. Part 4: High Level Design
    1. Part 4. High Level Design
    2. Chapter 13. How to Design a Process Control System
      1. Introduction
      2. Matching design rigor with stage of design
      3. Operation and Maintenance manuals
      4. Specification of operators
      5. Automatic control
      6. Standard control and instrumentation strategies
      7. Further reading
    3. Chapter 14. How to Lay Out a Process Plant
      1. Introduction
      2. General principles
      3. Factors affecting layout
      4. Plant layout and safety
      5. Plant layout and cost
      6. Plant layout and aesthetics
      7. Matching design rigor with stage of design
      8. Further reading
    4. Chapter 15. How to Make Sure Your Design Is Reasonably Safe and Sustainable
      1. Introduction
      2. Why only reasonably?
      3. Matching design rigor with stage of design
      4. Conceptual design stage
      5. Detailed design stage
      6. Formal methods: safety
      7. Formal methods: sustainability
      8. Specification of equipment with safety implications in mind
      9. Specification of safety devices
      10. Types of safety device
      11. Further reading
      12. Sources
  12. Part 5: Advanced Design
    1. Part 5. Advanced Design
    2. Chapter 16. Professional Practice
      1. Introduction
      2. General design methodology
      3. Informal design reviews
      4. Formal design reviews
      5. Quality assurance and document control
      6. Informal data exchange
      7. Further reading
    3. Chapter 17. Beginner’s Errors to Avoid
      1. Introduction
      2. Lack of equipment knowledge
      3. Lack of knowledge of many types of unit operations
      4. Lack of knowledge of many materials of construction
      5. Lack of utilities
      6. Layout
      7. Process control
      8. Further reading
    4. Chapter 18. Design Optimization
      1. Introduction
      2. Matching design rigor with stage of design
      3. Indicators of a need to integrate design
      4. How to integrate design
      5. When and how not to integrate design
      6. Where’s the harm? The downside of academic “process integration”
      7. Further reading
    5. Chapter 19. Developing Your Own Design Style
      1. Introduction
      2. The art of engineering
      3. The philosophy of engineering
      4. The literature of engineering
      5. The practice of engineering
      6. Personal Sota
      7. Further reading
  13. Appendix 1. Integrated Design Example
    1. Integrated process control and design example
  14. Appendix 2. Upset Conditions Table
    1. Specific Upset Conditions
  15. Appendix 3. Plant Separation Tables
    1. Preliminary spacings for tank farm layout
    2. Preliminary electrical area classification distances
    3. Size of storage piles
  16. Appendix 4. Checklists for Engineering Flow Diagrams
  17. Appendix 5. Teaching Practical Process Plant Design
    1. Introduction
    2. Pedagogy
    3. Methodology
    4. Exercises
    5. Further reading
  18. Glossary
  19. Index