SOLUTIONS TO EXERCISES
SOLUTIONS FOR CHAPTER 1
1.1 Issues to think about: Is a single example about bees enough to draw a conclusion about human reasoning? Is the persistence of the bees a reflection of intelligence and logical thinking?
1.2.a Critical thinking is not solely a matter of finding fault. It also includes finding good reasons to support a conclusion. Finding fault can also be constructive if we learn from the mistake.
1.2.b First of all, it is debatable whether relationships and connections are more important. Perhaps it depends on the individual and the line of work? Also, even if these things are more important, does it follow that critical thinking is not useful? Critical thinking can help you build better relationships and connections.
1.2.c Many important decisions should not be made hastily and critical thinking is crucial. See Chapter 22. Also, even quick decisions can improve with good critical thinking.
1.3 This longer definition provides a lot of detail, but it fits with the simpler definition of critical thinking in this book. Thinking clearly and rationally involves the kind of activities and values that are listed in the quote.
1.5 As you might guess, the first four are good attitudes and the next four are not. They are meant to help you reflect on your own thinking process. You can also think about whether any of these traits are present in the behavior of the people around you. If so, how do these traits affect their thinking and decisions?