What You’ve Learned
Deployment options are available to keep multiple desktops up-to-date.
NetBoot and Network Install is a server-based method of deploying.
You can create images from optical media, hard drives, or disk images.
You can add servicewide or per-image filters based on hardware type or Ethernet
hardware address.
References
The following documents provide more information about installing Mac OS X Server.
(All of these and more are available at www.apple.com/server/documentation.)
Administration Guides
Mac OS X Server Getting Started
System Imaging and Software Update Administration
Deploying Mac OS X Computers for K-12 Education
Apple Knowledge Base Documents
You can check for new and updated Knowledge Base documents at www.apple.com/support.
URLs
Mike Bombich, Mac OS X Deployment: www.bombich.com
MacEnterprise: www.macenterprise.org
Review Quiz
1. What are the advantages of using NetBoot?
2. What are three ways to configure the network startup disk?
3. What network protocols are used during the NetBoot startup sequence? What
components are delivered over each of these protocols?
4. What is a NetBoot shadow file?
430 Implementing Deployment Solutions
Answers
1. Because NetBoot unifies and centralizes the system software that NetBoot clients use,
software configuration and maintenance is reduced to a minimum. A single change to
a NetBoot image propagates to all client computers on the next startup. NetBoot also
decouples the system software from the computer, decreasing potential time invested
in software troubleshooting.
2. A client must have selected a network disk image via the Startup pane within System
Preferences, or the user must hold down the N key at startup to boot from the default
NetBoot image, or use Remote Desktop Admin.
3. NetBoot makes use of DHCP, TFTP, NFS, and HTTP during the NetBoot client
startup sequence. DHCP provides the IP address, TFTP delivers the boot ROM
(“booter”) file, and NFS or HTTP is used to deliver the network disk image.
4. Because the NetBoot boot image is read-only, anything that the client computer
writes to the volume is cached in the shadow file. This allows a user to make changes
to the boot volume, including setting preferences and storing files; however, when the
computer is restarted, all changes are erased.
Review Quiz 431
Time This lesson takes approximately 4 hours to complete.
Goals Create and configure home folders for network user accounts
Create and manage access to shared group folders
Manage user, workgroup, and computer preferences
Create mobile accounts and configure Mac OS X Server for
mobile home folders
View and edit an application’s preferences
Configure a local Software Update server
10

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