Chapter 6

The Use of Carbonaceous Nanomembrane Filter for Organic Waste Removal

Farheen Khan*1, Rizwan Wahab*,2, Mohd. Rashid1, Asif Khan3, Asma Khatoon4, Javed Musarrat5 and Abdulaziz A.Al-Khedhairy2

1Department of Chemistry, Aligarh Muslim University, Uttar Pradesh, India

2College of Science, Department of Zoology, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

3Department of Chemistry, Bareilly College, Bareilly, UP. India

4Faculty of Chemical Engineering, CLEAR, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia

5Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Aligarh Muslim University, India

*Corresponding authors: rizwannano@gmail.com, khanfarheenchem@gmail.com

Abstract

Nanotechnology has great impact on the present scenario of wastewater treatment because of their particle size and surface area. Nanomaterials such as metals, metal oxide, low cast adsorbent, nanocatalyst, organic macromolecules composite, and other compounds such as natural organic matter, fullerenes, dendrimers, dyes, chitosan, enzyme, various shaped nanostructures such as nanorods, nanowires and nanotubes (both organic and inorganic) ultrathin films and nanomembrane are used in wastewater treatment. Nanotechnology is an advanced technology used for the cleanup of contaminated water by nanocatalysts, nanofilteration or membrane filtration, and the adsorption of pollutants via nanoscale materials. The use of carbonaceous nanomaterial membranes can serve as high capacity and selective sorbents ...

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