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Smart grids—Overview and background information

Kamal Al Khuffash    ADNOC Gas Processing, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Abstract

The power grid is the infrastructure that transports electricity from where it is generated to the consumer. Traditionally, the grid follows a top-down model where electricity is generated in bulk centralized units, then stepped up using a power transformer and a transmission substation. Then, through a distribution substation and power transmission lines, the power reaches the consumer in a one-way flow with no feedback from the consumer side. The concept of “smart grids” was introduced as a solution to the increased grid complexity and energy demand. Although there is not an agreed-upon definition for what ...

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