Miniaturization and mass replications have begun to lead the optical industry in the transition from traditional analog to novel digital optics. As digital optics enter the realm of mainstream technology through the worldwide sale of consumer electronic devices, this timely book aims to present the topic of digital optics in a unified way. Ranging from micro-optics to nanophotonics, and design to fabrication through to integration in final products, it reviews the various physical implementations of digital optics in either micro-refractives, waveguide (planar lightwave chips), diffractive and hybrid optics or sub-wavelength structures (resonant gratings, surface plasmons, photonic crystals and metamaterials). Finally, it presents a comprehensive list of industrial and commercial applications that are taking advantage of the unique properties of digital optics.
Applied Digital Optics is aimed primarily at optical engineers and product development and technical marketing managers; it is also of interest to graduate-level photonics students and micro-optic foundries.
Helps optical engineers review and choose the appropriate software tools to design, model and generate fabrication files.
Gives product managers access to an exhaustive list of applications available in today's market for integrating such digital optics, as well as where the next potential application of digital optics might be.
Provides a broad view for technical marketing managers in all aspects of digital optics, and how such optics can be classified.
Explains the numerical implementation of optical design and modelling techniques.
Enables micro-optics foundries to integrate the latest fabrication and replication techniques, and accordingly fine tune their own fabrication processes.
Table of Contents
- Cover Page
- Title Page
- About the Authors
- Foreword by Professor Joseph Goodman
- Foreword by Professor Trevor Hall
- 1: From Refraction to Diffraction
- 2: Classification of Digital Optics
- 3: Guided-wave Digital Optics
- 4: Refractive Micro-optics
- 5: Digital Diffractive Optics: Analytic Type
- 6: Digital Diffractive Optics: Numeric Type
7: Hybrid Digital Optics
- 7.1 Why Combine Different Optical Elements?
- 7.2 Analysis of Lens Aberrations
- 7.3 Improvement of Optical Functionality
- 7.4 The Generation of Novel Optical Functionality
- 7.5 Waveguide-based Hybrid Optics
- 7.6 Reducing Weight, Size and Cost
- 7.7 Specifying Hybrid Optics in Optical CAD/CAM
- 7.8 A Parametric Design Example of Hybrid Optics via Ray-tracing Techniques
- 8: Digital Holographic Optics
- 9: Dynamic Digital Optics
- 10: Digital Nano-optics
11: Digital Optics Modeling Techniques
- 11.1 Tools Based on Ray Tracing
- 11.2 Scalar Diffraction Based Propagators
- 11.3 Beam Propagation Modeling (BPM) Methods
- 11.4 Nonparaxial Diffraction Regime Issues
- 11.5 Rigorous Electromagnetic Modeling Techniques
- 11.6 Digital Optics Design and Modeling Tools Available Today
- 11.7 Practical Paraxial Numeric Modeling Examples
12: Digital Optics Fabrication Techniques
- 12.1 Holographic Origination
- 12.2 Diamond Tool Machining
- 12.3 Photo-reduction
- 12.4 Microlithographic Fabrication of Digital Optics
- 12.5 Micro-refractive Element Fabrication Techniques
- 12.6 Direct Writing Techniques
- 12.7 Gray-scale Optical Lithography
- 12.8 Front/Back Side Wafer Alignments and Wafer Stacks
- 12.9 A Summary of Fabrication Techniques
- 13: Design for Manufacturing
- 14: Replication Techniques for Digital Optics
- 15: Specifying and Testing Digital Optics
- 16: Digital Optics Application Pools
- Appendix A: Rigorous Theory of Diffraction
- Appendix B: The Scalar Theory of Diffraction
- Appendix C: FFTs and DFTs in Optics
- Title: Applied Digital Optics: From Micro-optics to Nanophotonics
- Release date: December 2009
- Publisher(s): Wiley
- ISBN: 9780470022634