Using serial communication

Serial communication is used for communication between the Arduino board and a computer or other devices. All Arduino boards have at least one serial port which is also known as a UART. Serial data transfer is when we transfer data one bit at a time, one right after the other. Information is passed back and forth between the computer and Arduino by, essentially, setting a pin to high or low. Just like we used that technique to turn an LED on and off, we can also send data. One side sets the pin and the other reads it.

In this section, you will see two examples. In the first example, Arduino will send data to the computer using serial communication, while in the second example, by sending a command (serial) from the computer, ...

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