**Naïve Bayes** is a technique used to build classifiers using Bayes theorem. Bayes theorem describes the probability of an event occurring based on different conditions that are related to this event. We build a Naïve Bayes classifier by assigning class labels to problem instances. These problem instances are represented as vectors of feature values. The assumption here is that the value of any given feature is independent of the value of any other feature. This is called the independence assumption, which is the *naïve* part of a Naïve Bayes classifier.

Given the class variable, we can just see how a given feature affects, it regardless of its affect on other features. For example, an animal may be considered a cheetah if it ...

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