Assembling Your Personal Board of Advisors

Book description

Many studies have shown the importance of mentoring and coaching in supporting individuals’ career and personal growth. However, changes in the career landscape in recent years, including global mobility, an increasingly diverse workforce and shortened job tenures, present managers with new complexities and uncertainties. The notion that one mentor can meet all of an individual’s developmental needs is often inconceivable. Instead, the authors argue that there are a number of network support roles beyond that of formal mentor. As individuals change roles, industries or organizations or relocate to different countries, they need to build a “personal board of advisors” that fits their careers and their busy lives. The authors’ research suggests that individuals seek career and psychosocial support from multiple people. In their research the authors found that most of the members of people’s personal boards of advisors played an active role in supporting the individuals’ career and personal development. However, some individuals also mentioned the importance of people who had passed away but continued to motivate and inspire them. The authors identified six types of personal board members: personal guides, personal advisors, full-service mentors, career advisors, career guides and role models. TYPE I: Personal Guides A personal guide is someone who had a supportive relationship with the protégé in the past, but the two have limited or no current interaction. Personal guides may have been closer to the protégé in an earlier period, but now they are mainly considered to be role models or sources of motivation and inspiration. TYPE II: Personal Advisors Personal advisors frequently interact with protégés outside of work. They may serve as an emotional outlet or sounding board, offer friendship and/or provide acceptance and confirmation of one’s capabilities. TYPE III: Full-Service Mentors Full-service mentors provide the protégé with a wide range of career and psychosocial support. These relationships are characterized by strong closeness and frequent interaction. TYPE IV: Career Advisors Career advisors have high levels of interaction with the protégé. Their support is predominantly instrumental and career related, involving job or professional needs. As a result, these relationships tend to be shorter in duration. TYPE V: Career Guides Career guides have limited interaction with the individual or have fairly limited relationships. Their involvement in the person’s professional/personal development is often triggered by specific events — for example, a crisis or a critical career change. They step in only if and when developmental assistance is needed. TYPE VI: Role Models The authors’ research findings suggest that important developmental relationships don’t have to be close or even direct. In particular, the interaction between a protégé and his/her role model (or, in some cases, an anti-role model) may be passive or even nonexistent. By developing self-awareness and periodically reassessing their needs, the authors conclude, individuals can find advisors who can help them meet their business and personal goals.

Product information

  • Title: Assembling Your Personal Board of Advisors
  • Author(s): Kathy E. Kram, Richard D. Cotton, Yan Shen
  • Release date: April 2015
  • Publisher(s): MIT Sloan Management Review
  • ISBN: 53863MIT56314