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Asterisk: The Future of Telephony by Leif Madsen, Jared Smith, Jim Van Meggelen

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Conditional Branching

Now that you’ve learned a bit about expressions and functions, it’s time to put them to use. By using expressions and functions, you can add even more advanced logic to your dialplan. To allow your dialplan to make decisions, you’ll use conditional branching . Let’s take a closer look.

The GotoIf() Application

The key to conditional branching is the GotoIf() application. GotoIf() evaluates an expression and sends the caller to a specific destination based on whether the expression evaluates to true or false.

GotoIf() uses a special syntax, often called the conditional syntax:

    GotoIf(expression?destination1:destination2)

If the expression evaluates to true, the caller is sent to the first destination. If the expression evaluates to false, the caller is sent to the second destination. So, what is true and what is false? An empty string and the number 0 evaluate as false. Anything else evaluates as true.

The destinations can each be one of the following:

  • A priority within the same extension, such as 10

  • An extension and a priority within the same context, such as 123,10

  • A context, extension, and priority, such as incoming,123,10

  • A named priority within the same extension, such as passed

Either of the destinations may be omitted, but not both. If the omitted destination is to be followed, Asterisk simply goes on to the next priority in the current extension.

Let’s use GotoIf() in an example:

 exten => 345,1,Set(TEST=1) exten => 345,2,GotoIf($[${TEST} = 1]?10:20) exten => ...

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