chapter 9Arithmetic Reasoning 1: The Basics

Most of the Arithmetic Reasoning section of the ASVAB consists of word problems such as “Movie tickets cost $9.50 each. If seven people buy tickets, how much did they pay all together?” Even a one-line problem like this can involve several steps and more than one kind of math operation. Before we learn how to break down word problems, we must review the math behind them.


In math, when we say “operation,” we are referring to one of the following:

Addition: also known as finding the sum as in

Subtraction: or “finding the difference” as when you subtract 14 and

Multiplication: also called ...

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