8 Mics: types in common location usage
Out of the many different types of mic available, we're going to restrict our consideration to two basic pick-up characteristics, mics that ‘hear’ best in the direction in which they're pointed, and ones that hear equally in all directions. These are the ones most commonly found on location, and may be considered the workhorses of any professional kit.
Most professional microphones are packaged together with a leaflet outlining their operational characteristics, and this may include a polar diagram (unless it's an omni-directional microphone, which rarely does these days). More often than not, the polar diagram is a graphic outline of the pick up characteristic of the microphone, and although ...