Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

U.S. Congress enacted the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) in 1996. The primary purpose of the statute is twofold. First, it helps citizens maintain their health insurance coverage. Second, it improves the efficiency and effectiveness of the American health care system. It does so by combating waste, fraud, and abuse in both health insurance and the delivery of healthcare. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is responsible for publishing requirements and for enforcing HIPAA laws. However, the Office of Civil Rights, a subagency of HHS, administers and enforces the Privacy Rule and Security Rule of HIPAA. These laws are divided across five titles, ...

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