The Economics of Banking and a Bank’s Balance Sheet and Income Statement
Before we embark on a bank valuation model, it is useful to review the main economic services provided by banks and present a representative balance sheet and income statement for a bank. Understanding these will greatly facilitate modeling.
THE ECONOMICS OF BANKING: FIVE MAIN FUNCTIONS
Through financial markets, economic units with surplus funds, such as some households and firms (and, more rarely, governments), can finance economic units with a shortage of funds, such as other firms, other households, or governments. On the financial markets, savers can buy bonds ...