A safe and trouble-free structure is the dream of every engineer and inhabitant. Leaks and cracks are the major causes of worry as far as medium-sized and small buildings are concerned. An engineer or supervisor should be able to identify the type of distress or damage and the cause of the defect, so that he is able to suggest the repair measures accordingly.
25.1 DETERIORATION OF CONCRETE
Concrete is the most important building material and the worldwide consumption of concrete today is 8.8 billion tons per year. Concrete, although a very durable material, can show loss of strength and deterioration in course of time because of various reasons.
25.1.1 Design deficiency
Faulty design is one of the major causes ...