In This Chapter
Knowing how to express powers of ten in exponential form
Appreciating how and why scientific notation works
Understanding order of magnitude
Multiplying numbers in scientific notation
Scientists often work with very small or very large measurements — the distance to the next galaxy, the size of an atom, the mass of the Earth, or the number of bacteria cells growing in last week's leftover Chinese takeout. To save on time and space — and to make calculations easier — people developed a sort of shorthand called scientific notation.
Scientific notation uses a sequence of numbers known as the powers of ten, which I introduce in Chapter 2:
Each number in the sequence is 10 times more than the preceding number.
Powers of ten are easy to work with, especially when you're multiplying and dividing, because you can just add or drop zeros or move the decimal point. They're also easy to represent in exponential form (as I show you in Chapter 4):