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Basic Mechanical Engineering, 2e, 2nd Edition by Pravin Kumar

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CHAPTER 2

Fuels and Combustion

Learning Objectives

By the end of this chapter, the student will be able:

  • To differentiate the solid, liquid, and gaseous form of fossil fuels
  • To describe the method for preparation of biofuels
  • To demonstrate the experimental set up to determine the calorific value of the fuel
2.1 INTRODUCTION

Any material that can be burned to release thermal energy is called a fuel. Most familiar fuels consist primarily of hydrogen and carbon, called hydrocarbon fuels. Hydrocarbon fuels exist in all phases; some examples are coal, gasoline, and natural gas. Fuels are the materials which ignite in presence of oxygen and produce heat. The heat energy is then converted into various forms of energy. The different types of ...

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