Lighting: principles and equipment

In the early days of photography the principal function of subject lighting was to give enough illumination to get a reasonably short exposure. Today, of course faster lenses and films allow you far more options, so that lighting can be used to express (or repress) chosen aspects such as texture, form, depth, detail and mood. The way you select and organize your lighting is highly creative and individualistic – in fact you will find lighting one of the most stimulating, exciting aspects of picture making. A photographer’s work can frequently be identified through its use of lighting, and you have probably noticed how often a studio portrait or a movie can be ‘dated’ by the way it was lit.

The illumination ...

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