Encryption is the process of rendering a sequence of data unreadable. Typically this process utilizes one or more data strings known as keys. Public key encryption is a method of scrambling data using one key, key A, in such a way that it can later be unscrambled, but only with the use of a second key, key B. Data encrypted using key A is decryptable with key B. Data encrypted with key B is decryptable only with key A.

One of the keys is handed out freely to the general public (the “public key”) and the other is kept a closely guarded secret (the “private key”). Those who wish to communicate with you securely obtain your public key and use it to encrypt messages. Upon receipt of the encrypted message, you use your private key to decrypt the ...

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