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Beginning Groovy and Grails: From Novice to Professional by James Shingler, Joseph Faisal Nusairat, Christopher M. Judd

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CHAPTER 1Introduction to Groovy

In 1995, Java changed the world. The Internet was in its infancy, and most web sites offered only static content. But Java changed that by enabling applications called applets to run inside the browser on many different platforms. Java became a popular general-purpose language, but its greatest growth and strength has been on the server side. It is now one of the dominant server-side platforms. But Java is starting to show its age. Many people are even beginning to call it the new COBOL.

With all these years of baggage, Java has become difficult. There are large barriers of entry, such as knowing which of the many competing frameworks and specifications to use. The language itself has remained pretty much unchanged ...

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