In This Chapter
Breaking programs down into functions
Writing and using functions
Returning values from a function
Passing values to a function
Providing a function prototype declaration
In Chapter 11, I show you how to divide a complex problem into a number of separate functions; it is much easier to write and get a number of smaller functions to work than one large, monolithic program. Oftentimes, however, you may want to reuse the functions you create in other applications. For example, I could imagine reusing the
factorial() function I created in Chapter 11 in the future.
One way to reuse such functions is to copy-and-paste the source code for the
factorial() function into my new program. However, it would be a lot easier if I could put the function in a separate file that I could then link into future applications. Breaking programs into separate source code modules is the subject of this chapter.
The programmer can break a single program into separate source files generally known as modules. These modules are compiled into machine code by the C++ compiler separately and then combined during the build process to generate a single program.
The process of combining separately compiled modules into a single program is called linking.
Breaking programs into smaller, more manageable pieces has several advantages. First, breaking a program into smaller modules reduces the compile time. Code::Blocks takes only a few seconds to ...