Now that you understand the basic components of a list, you can look at some of the list templates that are available in SharePoint. Many of these templates address common business scenarios that exist within organizations, such as tracking tasks and sharing contact and meeting information. You should think of these templates as a starting point because you can further customize them to suit the needs of any organization.
More advanced techniques for customizing and managing lists are discussed in Chapter 4.
In team environments, you commonly need to share contact information. SharePoint provides a very easy-to-use interface just for this purpose that you can create via a template. It's known as a contacts list. Rather than storing contact information individually in address books, team members add contacts to a list on a SharePoint site so that the information becomes available to everyone.
A contacts list has the columns shown in the following table. Although you can create or delete columns at any time, the Last Name column is considered the title column, and you cannot remove it from the list. You may rename it if you like, however.
|Last Name (required)||Single line of text|
|First Name||Single line of text|
|Full Name||Single line of text|
|e-mail Address||Single line of text|
|Company||Single line of text|
|Job Title||Single line of text|
|Business Phone||Single line of text|