Appendix A

A Lexicon of Human Performance Improvement Terms


Action procedure: A sequence of steps that leads to the completion of a task.

Actuals: What a target population currently knows and does. Used when performing a needs assessment or frontend analysis. Actuals, as a term, is often replaced by current state.

Analysis procedure: A systematically organized sequence of steps that leads to the breaking down of an issue, case, situation, task, or object into its constituent parts.

Aptitudes: General or specific capabilities of the learners/performers. In an instructional design context, subject-matter competence (for example, basic math skills, Level II systems administration, or certification plus a minimum of three years' experience) is ...

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