Melt-derived bioactive glasses
L. Hupa, Åbo Akademi University, Finland
This chapter discusses the properties of melt-derived bioactive glasses from the material technology point of view. The non-crystalline structure of bioactive glasses offers the possibility of adjusting their physical and chemical properties by altering their oxide composition within certain limits. Thus, understanding the relationships between the oxide composition and the relevant properties is essential when the glass composition is tailored for novel clinical applications. The focus is to summarize some published data on the in vitro and in vivo bioactivity. The restrictions put on glass composition by the manufacturing process are also discussed. ...