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Biofuels for Aviation by Christopher Chuck

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Chapter 10

Aviation Turbine Fuels Through the Fischer–Tropsch Process

A. de Klerk,    Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

Abstract

The production of aviation turbine fuel (jet fuel) from Fischer–Tropsch (F-T)-based biomass-to-liquids facilities is discussed. With the exception of biomass gasification, the process is independent of the nature of the raw material feed. Current DEF STAN 91-91 and ASTM D 7566 specifications make provisions for inclusion of refined F-T products in jet fuel as semi-synthetic jet fuel (blend up to 50 vol.% with petroleum-derived kerosene) or fully synthetic jet fuel (no petroleum-derived material). Isomerization of n-alkanes to iso-alkanes, synthesis of aromatics, ...

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